|2012 HRW yields varied widely, but most producers were happy with the final production numbers considering the extremes of 2011 which carried into (and expanded) in 2012.|
Abnormally warm conditions and timely moisture over the winter coupled with the lack of adequate precipitation in the spring pushed heading and harvest dates 10 days to two weeks earlier than normal from Texas to Montana. Many areas were completed with harvest before their normal starting date. These conditions enhanced yield potential as they allowed much more extensive plant development during a time when the plants would normally have been dormant. However, later hot and dry weather reduced yields somewhat.
The 2012 HRW wheat crop has average to above average kernel sizes and weights compared to 5-year averages. However, while overall protein quantity (12.6%) was above 2011 (12.3%) and the 5-year average (12.0%), protein quality was diverse. Protein quality is reflected in the dough functionality and bake test data (an overall farinograph stability of 11.1 minutes and an overall loaf volume of 789 cc) both significantly below the 5-year averages.