|The 2010 HRW wheat harvest and evaluation of samples is complete. The crop year began with generally favorable planting conditions in all regions throughout the fall of 2009. This was particularly true in the southern plains (Texas and Oklahoma). The result of these excellent conditions was good development of the crop in all production areas going into the winter months. Favorable conditions continued in the spring with fair to excellent crop condition ratings of over 90% in all areas which continued until harvest. However, cool temperatures and good moisture tended to retard crop maturity. Reports from northeast Colorado, the Nebraska Panhandle, and Montana indicated an average harvest date of two to three weeks behind normal. While cool and damp weather during grainfill resulted in significantly higher than normal test weights, kernel size, and mill yield for most areas, those same conditions were not conducive to accumulation of protein in grain. |
Seventy-one percent of all individual samples graded U.S. #1 and ninety-two percent graded U.S. # 2 or better. The average test weight of 61 lbs/ bu (80.2 kg/hl) is above the five-year average and is higher than the 2009 average. The average thousand kernel weight of 29.9 g is above the five-year average of 29.5 g, but slightly lower than the 2009 average of 30.1 g. While all kernel characteristics were very good, the average protein (wheat and flour) was lower than the five-year average and this was reflected in the dough and bake performance tests.