|Harvest is complete or near completion in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. It has been a good year for producers in the western parts of these states, with the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles and western Kansas producing wheat with high test weights and well above average yields. Unfortunately, producers in the central parts of Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas have had an unusually bad year. Wheat in north central Oklahoma and south central Kansas sustained some freeze damage in early April when temperatures dropped below the freezing point for several hours. As harvest approached, most of central Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas received several weeks of heavy rains and flooding. Yields and quality in these areas were well below normal and many fields will not be cut this year.|
Nebraska: Harvest is going strong in Nebraska with 90% of harvest complete. Much of the state continued to have good weather for harvest. However, there have been some minor delays due to localized storms including rain and slight instances of hail. Rust and scab have reduced yields, test weight, and protein in the southeast and south central parts of the state. With the exception of a few cases of smut, there is little to no disease in the western and northwestern areas. Yields are above average with test weights range from the mid 50’s to the low 60’s. Overall, the protein will average around 13%, but there are pockets of higher protein going all the way up to 16%. Nebraska is cautiously optimistic for overall production to be above the state average of 70 million bushels.
Colorado: Harvest is going well in CO, with over 80% of the cutting done. While there have been scattered showers in the state, above average temperatures have kept harvest moving at a rapid pace. Yields have been high due to the heavy snow over the winter months and overall production is expected to exceed 80 million bushels. Test weights are good this year, ranging from the high 50’s to the mid 60’s, with the overall average being at or above 60 lb/bu (78.9 kg/hl). There are pockets of high protein, but the statewide proteins have been averaging around 10-11%.
South Dakota: Harvest is well under way in South Dakota, with just over 50% of the harvest complete. The weather has been hot and dry across the state and cutting is widespread in the HRW production region. The biggest delay of cutting is the lack of custom cutting crews from the south. Due to high yields and an increase in HRW acres, South Dakota is on track for a record production year. Test weights are averaging 59.0 to 61.0 lb/bu (77.6 - 80.2 kg/hl) and proteins are expected to be 11% or greater across the state.