The 2012 HRW harvest is expanding rapidly
northward with cutting in Kansas now just south of the Nebraska state line.
All areas currently harvesting are a minimum of two weeks ahead of
normal. Harvest is winding down in northeastern Texas and southern
Oklahoma, although combines are just beginning to cut dryland wheat in
the northern tip of Texas near Amarillo, an area where irrigated wheat
is still green.
Quality reports are partially complete
from Texas and Oklahoma. They show a wide range of protein, still
averaging 11.8%, with areas of extreme drought stress, especially the Oklahoma
Panhandle and southwestern and west central Kansas, having lower test weight
values. Generally, where yields are good to excellent, proteins are
down, but thousand kernel weights and test weights are up. These
areas contrast with areas where yields are poor, having lower test weight
and lower thousand kernel weights, but higher protein. Dockage and
total defects took a jump this week while test weight dropped a pound.
This was not totally unexpected as harvest moved into more moisture
deficient areas and numerous rain events have plagued much of the harvest
area. Hail has accompanied many of these storms with several localized
areas suffering substantial losses.
The major difference noted so far between
the crop this year and last is volume, as Texas and Oklahoma will have
much bigger crops this year. The yield situation in Kansas is still
uncertain and will depend on how far west and north the drought and disease