|Harvesting has progressed rapidly throughout the growing region this past week. Samples are being collected in Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, and Maryland, with sample collection beginning tomorrow in Ohio. Flooding continues to be a concern in Missouri and Illinois with several locations reporting that they do not expect to be able to take in wheat much longer as they prepare for flood conditions.|
In Missouri, winter wheat harvested is 63%, last week was 25%, last year was 61% and the five-year average is 56%. Wheat conditions last week were: 9% very poor, 11% poor, 30% fair, 40% good and 10% excellent.
The harvest is 78% completed in Virginia compared to 50% last year and the five-year average of 56%. Wheat conditions were: 0% very poor (same as last week), 1% poor (same), 7% fair (5%), 77% good (82%) and 15% excellent (13%).
Winter wheat turning color is 98% compared to 64% last week and the five-year average of 95%. Wheat conditions were: 4% very poor (3% last week), 11% poor (9%), 35% fair (31%), 40% good (44%) and 10% excellent (13%).
In Illinois, winter wheat harvested is 43%, last week was 4%, last year was 58% and the five-year average is 51%. In Indiana, winter wheat harvested is 16% compared to 4% last week and the five-year average of 28%. Wheat conditions were: 3% very poor, 9% poor, 30% fair, 48% good and 10% excellent. Wheat harvest has been slowed due to muddy field conditions.
The additional samples tested this week did little to alter the cumulative data. Laboratory milling data from western Virginia and central Arkansas shows a good yield (71%), although slightly less than 2010. Farinograph absorption in Virginia (52.7%) is normal but less than last year (57.7%), while central Arkansas at 55.6% is slightly higher than last year’s 54.2%. In eastern Virginia, average test weight (60.4 lb/bu compared to 62.1) and thousand kernel weight (34.4 compared to 36.2) are lower than last year. Kentucky early harvest results are indicating high wheat moisture content (14.0%) and a decrease in average thousand kernel weight from 35.5 in 2010 to 33.5 this year. The North Carolina crop has a higher average test weight this year (60.8 lb/bu compared to 59.5) compared to 2010, while protein has decreased about 1%.