U.S. soft red winter (SRW) wheat, commonly used for specialty products such as sponge cakes, cookies, crackers and other confectionary products, adds value to the miller and baker as a blending wheat. It is a high-yielding wheat with low protein of 8.5% to 10.5% (12% mb), soft endosperm, red bran, and weak gluten.
For the miller, SRW helps diversify the types of flour produced to improve the quality of many products. SRW blended with hard red spring (HRS) and hard red winter (HRW) wheat can lower grist cost and improve bread crumb texture or improve the quality and appearance of a wide variety of products.
For the baker, the lower moisture content of the flour produced with SRW creates an advantage by increasing the added water volume while optimizing water absorption and product quality to the consumer.
Please select your preferred language, report, and year, and click View Reports.
2022 U.S. Soft Red Winter Production
According to USDA’s Small Grains Annual Summary released September 30, 2022, production of the 2022 U.S. SRW crop is estimated to be 9.2 million metric tons (MMT), a 7% decrease from last year’s 9.8 MMT in 2021 but above the 5-year average of 8.1 MMT.
- 2022 (MMT)
- Total SRW production in states sampled
- East Coast-exportable subtotal
- Gulf-exportable subtotal
- Total U.S. SRW Production
- 2022 (MMT)
- 2021 (MMT)
- 5-Year Average (MMT)
*States sampled: Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Virginia. Numbers may not match exactly due to rounding.
2022 U.S. Soft Red Winter Crop Quality Data Highlights
The production region experienced generally good growing conditions in the 2022 crop year. The crop is very sound with high test weight and falling number values, lower moisture, good milling characteristics, and is relatively free of DON. Processors will find a versatile crop with good qualities for cookies, cakes and crackers. With higher protein and good extensibility, the crop should also be valuable in blending for baking applications.
U.S. SOFT RED WINTER WHEAT AVERAGE COMPOSITE DATA HIGHIGHTS
The table below provides highlights of total crop “Composite” averages. For full quality results, please see the U.S. Wheat Associates Crop Quality Report to be released late October 2022.
- 2022 Average
- Test Weight (lb/bu)
- Test Weight (kg/hl)
- Moisture (%)
- Wheat Protein (%) 12% mb
- Wheat Protein (%) 0% mb
- Wheat Falling Number (sec)
- DON (ppm)
- 2022 Average
- 2021 Average
- 5-Year Average
U.S. Soft Red Winter Sample Collection and Analysis
Test weight, moisture, protein, 1000 kernel weight, wheat ash and falling number were determined on each sample, and DON on a portion of the samples. The remaining tests were determined on 18 composite samples. Results were weighted by estimated production for each reporting area and combined into Composite, East Coast and Gulf averages.
- Samples were collected, graded, milled and tested by Great Plains Analytical Laboratory.
Where is U.S. Soft Red Winter grown?
Grown in the eastern third of the United States, SRW is the third largest class of wheat grown in the United States. It can be shipped via Gulf, Atlantic (East Coast), and Great Lakes ports.